Yemen (Developing Country)

•November 7, 2009 • Leave a Comment

Total Population in 2009

23,822,783

2025 Population Estimate

32,650,000


Infant Mortality Rate:

Total: 54.7 deaths/1,000 live births

Male: 59.12 deaths/1,000 live births

Female: 50.07 deaths/1,000 live births

Life Expectancy:

Total population: 63.27 years

Male: 61.3 years

Female: 65.33 years (estimate)

Total Fertility Rate:

6.32 children born/woman

Age Structure:

0-14 years: 46.2% (male 5,602,590/female 5,398,103)

15-64 years: 51.3% (male 6,212,378/female 6,009,401)

65 years and over: 2.5% (male 288,501/female 311,810) (estimate)

Age Structure Diagrams:

pyramid2009

pyramid2025


Per capita Income:

$2,400

Gross Domestic Product:

$55.28 billion

Is the country growing or shrinking? Why?

The country is growing. The population growth rate is 3.453%. While the death rate is relatively high, the birth rate is extremely high with over 6 children per woman.

Where do most of the people live?

Most (69%) of the population lives in a rural area, with a 4.9% annual rate of change.

What do most of the people do? (Labor force – by occupation)

Agriculture: 10.3%

Industry: 56.5%

Services: 33.2%

What are the country’s major natural resources?

petroleum

What is the country’s major economic engine?

Currently, Yemen depends almost exclusively on its shrinking supply of oil, though efforts are being made to set up an infrastructure for harvesting natural gas. International donors have pledged over $5 billion to the development of non-oil industry in Yemen since 2006.

How is the country fed, fueled, and watered?

Almost all of Yemen’s industry is agriculture, and most of the production goes to domestic use. The main source of water for both human consumption and irrigation is pumped from its large groundwater reserves.  Due to the large production of oil, most of the country’s fuel is produced domestically.

Are this country’s current growth, development, and government sustainable?

The current population growth rate of 3.453% is unstable, as is its industry. About 90% of Yemen’s current exports are oil, but the known oil reserves are vanishing very quickly. Within the next few decades, the main industries will likely transition to the country’s mineral wealth as oil becomes less and less economical.

The current government of Yemen is a democracy based on Sharia law. It was founded in 1990 and is ruled by a parliament with 330 seats. However, there has been much political turmoil including a civil war in 1994. The government has great difficulty enforcing its laws as it has few resources. Since 2004, a new conflict has started by a group called The Young Believers. This government is extremely unstable and will quite likely be violently replaced within the next few years.

What are some proposed strategies for sustainability?

Many plans are being developed to set up the appropriate infrastructure to support industries not based in fossil fuels. In 2006, an economic reform plan has resulted in $5 billion dollars being raised (nearly 10% of its GDP) to building the necessary infrastructure for additional industry.

If the country’s growth, GDP, and use of resources are sustainable or headed towards sustainability, what strategies have been successful?

 

Sources:

www.cia.gov

http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/

http://i-cias.com/e.o/index.htm

United Arab Emirates (Developed Country)

•November 7, 2009 • Leave a Comment

Total Population in 2008

4,621,000

*I also found out the current total population, so I decided to add it as well.

Total Population in 2009

4,798,491

Projected Population for 2025

7, 063, 000

Infant Mortality Rate:

Total: 12.7 deaths/1,000 live births

Male: 14.86 deaths/1,000 live births

Female: 10.44 deaths/1,000 live births

Life Expectancy:

Total population: 76.11 years

Male: 73.56 years

Female: 78.78 years

Total Fertility Rate:

2.42 children born/woman

Age Structure:

0-14 years: 20.4% (male 500,928/female 478,388)

15-64 years: 78.7% (male 2,768,030/female 1,008,404)

65 years and over: 0.9% (male 27,601/female 15,140)

Age Structure Diagrams:

United Araba Emirates Age Structure Diagram for 2009

United Arab Emirates Age Structure Diagram for 2025

Per capita Income:

$39, 900

Gross Domestic Product:

$184.3 billion

Is the country growing or shrinking? Why?

The country is growing. The population growth rate is 3.689%, the highest in the world. It is driven by a surplus of births over deaths as well as a positive net migration rate of 22.98 migrants/1,000 population, the largest in the world.

Where do most of the people live?

The majority of the population (78%) lives in urban areas, and the rate of urbanization is increasing by 2.9% annually.

What do most of the people do? (Labor force – by occupation)

Agriculture: 7%

Industry: 15%

Services: 78%

What are the country’s major natural resources?

petroleum, natural gas

What is the country’s major economic engine?

The country’s major economic engine is the export of petroleum and natural gas. Since oil was discovered in the United Arab Emirates 30 years ago, the country has transformed from an impoverished region into a modern state with a high standard of living.  However, fishing would probably be the second greatest economic engine in the United Arab Emirates.

How is the country fed, fueled, and watered?

The country produces its own wheat and is successful at fishing (to an extent that it would be classified as over-fishing).  In addition, the country’s main agricultural products are dates, vegetables, watermelons; and poultry, eggs, and dairy products. Nonetheless, the United Arab Emirates imports foods from other countries.

As mentioned above, the country does not have any problems fueling itself. Ever since the discovery of its oil 30 years ago, the United Arab Emirates’s economy has been growing.

Although one of the country’s main problems is the lack of fresh water, desalination plants have solved that issue to some extent. The increasing population is requiring more and more wells to be drilled, allowing seawater to disturb many nearby farms.

Are this country’s current growth, development, and government sustainable?

With a population growth rate of 3.689%, the country’s current growth does not appear to be sustainable.

The country’s development has been a result of its finding of oil 30 years ago which stimulated its economy.  However, as natural resources diminish, without changing its major economic engines, the country’s development will not be sustainable either.

The government is a federation with specified powers delegated to the United Arab Emirates federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates.  Even though there is no democracy and ordinary citizen have no political influence, the country enjoys a relatively high freedom of speech and is politically stable.

What are some proposed strategies for sustainability?

The country’s current growth, being as high as it is, does not appear to be sustainable. Although the country cannot increase its landmass, it is trying to sustain this growth by increasing food production programs as well as the number of desalinization plants (In fact, being overweight is an increasing problem in the United Arab Emirates).

Current economic downturns have created a “road bump” in the country’s development, but by diversifying its economy  over recent years to reduce dependency on natural resources will ultimately allow the development continue at a great pace.

If the country’s growth, GDP, and use of resources are sustainable or headed towards sustainability, what strategies have been successful?

The United Arab Emirate’s strategies of desalination and economic diversification have been both successful in solving the issues of a lack of fresh water and a declining amount of natural resources.  The former strategy aids the country in sustaining its growth, and the latter strategy is a solution to sustain both the GDP and the resources of the country.

Sources:

www.cia.gov

http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/

http://i-cias.com/e.o/index.htm