Yemen (Developing Country)

Total Population in 2009


2025 Population Estimate


Infant Mortality Rate:

Total: 54.7 deaths/1,000 live births

Male: 59.12 deaths/1,000 live births

Female: 50.07 deaths/1,000 live births

Life Expectancy:

Total population: 63.27 years

Male: 61.3 years

Female: 65.33 years (estimate)

Total Fertility Rate:

6.32 children born/woman

Age Structure:

0-14 years: 46.2% (male 5,602,590/female 5,398,103)

15-64 years: 51.3% (male 6,212,378/female 6,009,401)

65 years and over: 2.5% (male 288,501/female 311,810) (estimate)

Age Structure Diagrams:



Per capita Income:


Gross Domestic Product:

$55.28 billion

Is the country growing or shrinking? Why?

The country is growing. The population growth rate is 3.453%. While the death rate is relatively high, the birth rate is extremely high with over 6 children per woman.

Where do most of the people live?

Most (69%) of the population lives in a rural area, with a 4.9% annual rate of change.

What do most of the people do? (Labor force – by occupation)

Agriculture: 10.3%

Industry: 56.5%

Services: 33.2%

What are the country’s major natural resources?


What is the country’s major economic engine?

Currently, Yemen depends almost exclusively on its shrinking supply of oil, though efforts are being made to set up an infrastructure for harvesting natural gas. International donors have pledged over $5 billion to the development of non-oil industry in Yemen since 2006.

How is the country fed, fueled, and watered?

Almost all of Yemen’s industry is agriculture, and most of the production goes to domestic use. The main source of water for both human consumption and irrigation is pumped from its large groundwater reserves.  Due to the large production of oil, most of the country’s fuel is produced domestically.

Are this country’s current growth, development, and government sustainable?

The current population growth rate of 3.453% is unstable, as is its industry. About 90% of Yemen’s current exports are oil, but the known oil reserves are vanishing very quickly. Within the next few decades, the main industries will likely transition to the country’s mineral wealth as oil becomes less and less economical.

The current government of Yemen is a democracy based on Sharia law. It was founded in 1990 and is ruled by a parliament with 330 seats. However, there has been much political turmoil including a civil war in 1994. The government has great difficulty enforcing its laws as it has few resources. Since 2004, a new conflict has started by a group called The Young Believers. This government is extremely unstable and will quite likely be violently replaced within the next few years.

What are some proposed strategies for sustainability?

Many plans are being developed to set up the appropriate infrastructure to support industries not based in fossil fuels. In 2006, an economic reform plan has resulted in $5 billion dollars being raised (nearly 10% of its GDP) to building the necessary infrastructure for additional industry.

If the country’s growth, GDP, and use of resources are sustainable or headed towards sustainability, what strategies have been successful?




~ by joshuas3521 on November 7, 2009.

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